Quels traitements pour la chute de cheveux des hommes ? - Epycure

EPYCURE What treatments for male hair loss?

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What treatments for male hair loss?

Hair loss in men is a phenomenon called androgenic alopecia or more commonly “ baldness ”.

This hair loss is specific to men because it is due to an excess of androgenic hormones (male hormones) such as testosterone and dihydrotestosterone. Male pattern baldness is very common among men aged 50: in fact it affects 50% of men at that age and 70% of men over 70. But it can also affect much younger men, from the age of 18-20.

Even if this hair loss seems permanent, it can be taken care of by different treatments.

What is androgenic alopecia?

Androgenic alopecia results in the appearance, on the top of the head, of thinner and often less pigmented hair. This baldness can uniformly affect the top of the head, or start by affecting the forehead (the frontal gulfs), the tip of the skull (the tonsure) or the temples. Over time, the hair gradually gives way to down which in turn disappears.

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But what causes this accelerated hair loss?

To understand this phenomenon of baldness, you must first know how the hair cycle works. This cycle includes 3 phases:

- The anagen phase where the hair grows. It lasts from 2 to 6 years

- The catagen phase where the growth of the hair follicle stops. It lasts 2 to 3 weeks

- The telogen phase where the hair falls out. It lasts 2 to 3 weeks.

This hair cycle lasts on average 5 years and is renewed only 20 to 25 times in a lifetime. It is when this cycle is disrupted that baldness occurs. This phenomenon of hair loss in men is in fact due to a shortening of the anagen phase which causes an acceleration of the hair cycle. As a result, the sequence of these 25 cycles occurs more quickly and the hair capital is exhausted sooner.

What are the causes of androgenic alopecia?

The main cause of androgenic alopecia is a disruption in the production of androgenic hormones, particularly dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT comes from the transformation of testosterone by the enzyme 5α-reductase . When this enzyme is overactivated, it will produce excess DHT which, by acting on receptors in the hair follicles, accelerates the anagen phase and shortens the cycle.

This phenomenon of overproduction of DHT has a genetic origin. This is why we can find several people suffering from baldness in the same family.

Other non-hereditary causes can be added to this hormonal problem, such as stress, certain pathologies and certain treatments as well as vitamin and mineral deficiencies, in particular B vitamins, iron or zinc.

How to act on baldness?

Hair loss can be slowed or even stopped if it is treated early, before the hair stock is exhausted. Moreover, the main treatments are only effective on beginning or light baldness.

Drug treatments exist such as oral Finasteride , under medical prescription, which will act by reducing the activity of the 5α-reductase enzyme and therefore the production of DHT. We also find Minoxidil in a lotion available without a prescription, which stimulates and prolongs the anagen phase while shortening the telogen phase thanks to its vasodilator properties (dilates the hair capillaries).

We can also act on androgenic alopecia thanks to food supplements based on vitamins and minerals. Indeed certain nutrients can act on hair growth such as cystine and vitamin B6.

Vitamin B8 (or biotin) will act on the growth of hair follicles but also slow down hair loss thanks to its regulatory action on the production of sebum which tends to “suffocate” the hair.

We can also act on the production of keratin, a major component of the hair follicle thanks to vitamin B5 and vitamin B6 , which helps increase hair density.

Other nutrients such as iron or zinc help protect the hair follicle against external attacks thanks to their anti-oxidant properties.

This is why the Men's Hair Loss Complex is a complete food supplement specific to hair loss in men. In fact it is composed of two plant extracts which will act on the hair cycle: flax extract which will act on the production of androgenic hormones, just like Venus hair extract which also has antioxidant properties. thanks to the flavonoids it contains.

In addition, it contains a mix of vitamins such as vitamins B5, B6 and B8 , minerals such as iron and zinc , and amino acids such as cystine which will act on hair growth but also on the density of capillaries. and their resistance.

Finally, you can also take care of your hair using lotions specific to hair loss, in particular those which contain Aminexil , a patented molecule which will slow down the stiffening of the collagen sheath which surrounds the hair root, origin of hair loss. Of course we also favor anti-hair loss shampoos without silicone, paraben and sulfate which tend to weaken the scalp.

In addition, you can activate local micro-circulation by massaging the scalp using your fingers or a brush, in the shower for example. This will allow nutrients to be better supplied and waste to be better evacuated. In addition, it will regulate the production of sebum which tends to suffocate the hair roots.